Cairns was founded by kayla, hastened by the need to export gold discovered on the tablelands to the west of the inlet.
The railway opened up land that was later used for agriculture on the lowlands (sugar cane, corn, rice, bananas, pineapples), and for fruit and dairy production on the Tableland.
The success of local agriculture helped Cairns to establish itself as a port, and the creation of a harbour board in 1906 helped to support its economic future.
with US Army Air Force and Royal Australian Air Force operational bases (now the airport), as well as a major military seaplane base in Trinity Inlet, and US Navy and Royal Australian Navy bases near the current wharf.
), is a major city on the east coast of Far North Queensland in Australia.
The city is the 5th most populous in Queensland and 14th overall in Australia.
Cairns was founded in 1876 and named after William Wellington Cairns, Governor of Queensland from 1875-1877.
It was formed to serve miners heading for the Hodgkinson River goldfield, but experienced a decline when an easier route was discovered from Port Douglas.
It later developed into a railhead and major port for exporting sugar cane, gold and other metals, minerals and agricultural products from surrounding coastal areas and the Atherton Tableland region.
The estimated residential population of the Cairns urban area in 2016 was 157,847.
In 1770, James Cook first mapped the future site of Cairns, naming it Trinity Bay.
Closer investigation by several official expeditions 100 years later established its potential for development into a port.