Sections Agriculture Applied sciences Arts Belief Business Chronology Culture Education Environment Geography Health History Humanities Language Law Life Mathematics Nature People Politics Science Society Technology The flutina is an early precursor to the diatonic button accordion, having one or two rows of treble buttons, which are configured to have the tonic of the scale, on the "draw" of the bellows.There is usually no bass keyboard: the left hand operates an air valve (silent except for the rush of air).
Tonic notes C/g, and Dominant G/d, without any major or minor thirds.
Many of these "Flutina" accordions were imported into the United States and were common photographers' studio props.
This imparted a touch of "culture" to the sitter, hence the many tintype, ambrotype, etc.
images of men and women, with their hands poised over "Flutinas", which they may (or may not) have actually played.
Many of the images date from the 1850s through the American Civil War period (1861–1865).
The internal construction of the flutina resembles the English Wheatstone concertina more than the "reed banks" used in regular accordion construction. Underneath the pallet/keyboard face, there is a rectangular, wooden board, reed pan, with reed chambers, made with airtight, leather covered, thin wooden dividers.
These dividers are between the reeds, for the diatonic scale notes.
The brass reed tongues are mounted on reed shoes, with each tongue nailed on with a single metal pin.
These reed shoes (or frames) are inserted into dovetail-shaped slots into the top side of the pan.